How Mobile APPs Play a Game-changing Role in Education Industry

Smartphones are getting ubiquitous and there is a surge of Educational Applications for Android, iOS, and Windows Devices. These Apps focus on student academic learning needs while utilizing smart gizmos like tablets and smartphones for classroom learning and school activities. Students are finding this trend helpful and undoubtedly are drawn towards using a smart gadget for everything. On the other hand, the educational apps can be the perfect way to motivate students and help them focus on quality learning.

According to a Pearson Student Mobile Device Report, the use of tablets made students perform better in their academics and 79% of the polled students also agree that tablets make learning more fun. Access to information is crucial and thanks to these apps, which are integrated on their tablets and smartphones, it is easily available.

These mobile applications have brought tremendous changes in the education industry, as most of the EdTechs, institutions, and educators are adopting mobility as their primary Digital Transformation strategy. Let us have a quick tour to how Mobility Technology can help reshape the Education Industry.


Smartphones are our constant companions today. We are all connected through various apps that have reduced the distances of our physical world tremendously. Students too are hooked onto smartphones constantly, whether to chat, play games, or watch a video on the move.

Maneuvering this addiction towards a healthy habit, educational apps are on the rise. They do not limit the classroom to walls and they move with you wherever you choose to go. This freedom of portability is a major advantage in the learning process and many students are reaping the benefits of this mode of learning.

Round the Clock Availability

Educational Apps have another glaring advantage over traditional teaching establishments. Unlike institutes & schools, the apps are active round the clock. Even when limiting ourselves to a time-bound learning, apps help us with relaxed & performance-based learning.

Educational Apps have another glaring advantage over traditional teaching establishments. Unlike institutes & schools, the apps are active round the clock. Even when limiting ourselves to a time-bound learning, apps help us with relaxed & performance-based learning.

Time-bound learning is not impactful, as students get distracted easily and are unable to focus consistently for long hours. Thus, educational apps are the best for this issue, as they are available 24/7, and the students can learn as per their convenience.

Interactive Learning

The gadgets of today, with the Educational Apps and other features, are fast becoming a staple feature in every student’s life. Reading reference books and visiting the library are slowly diminishing in importance. These gadgets and helping students learn in an efficient manner. Unlike traditional teaching techniques and methodologies, Interaction with the apps is designed to suit students of all skill levels and cater to a variety of teaching methods, such as webinars, video tutorials, and even educational games.

This interaction helps students fight monotony and urge them to visualize what they learn.

Effectively Utilizing Leisure

Learning on educational apps, is one of the smartest choices for capitalizing leisure productively. The student’s leisure time can be used to learn something new with the help of entertaining tools, like games and puzzles.

One need not feel the burden of sitting through classrooms/classes to learn, when they can use the leisure time in an efficient and constructive way.

Get Individualized Learning

A teacher plays a remarkable role in building a student’s career, however the teacher can’t give individualized attention to every student. A teacher can typically address 10-20 students effectively in a session. And it is a tough ordeal to ensure that each and every student is engaged in the session.

In an educational app, the student gets all the focus they need. The time they engage with the app is all their own.

Track Performance

Tracking the performance or progress of a student, is essential for the students and the concerned educators. Having a legitimate plan and tracking methodology will only benefit the student by indicating the next steps in the learning process.

The inbuilt analytics show the details of the learning hours, the topics covered, the status of the current topic, etc., This detailed analytics at such a granular level is essential for proper guidance and the education apps are leading by example here.

Instant Personalized Updates

The Educational app is designed to send personalized messages, updates, etc., based on the student’s choices. It can also update on upcoming campus events, customized lessons, pending lessons, etc.

Online Study Material

Educational Apps on Mobile/Tablets offers students the opportunity to access thousands of reference and educational material online. This is possible owing to the digitalisation effort by numerous institutes and organizations.

This is a welcome change to many students who do not have access to good quality libraries or the economic freedom to own expensive books and study materials. Physical storage too is diminished and the geographic location of any student is immaterial

Mobility in Education through the advent of educational applications, has more benefits to offer than those that have been listed above. A quiet revolution is in the making, with students and educators alike, gradually drifting towards an industry that is foraying into a paperless and well networked sector. Today, the world of education is more than a passive activity; educational apps are making phenomenally active improvements and thrives to change the face of education sector.

Undoubtedly, educational apps solve critical problems in the education management systems across the globe but many clients, educational institutions and concerned students have a common issue despite owning cutting-edge educational apps.

Considering the capability of a connected smartphone or a tablet, handing students such powerful unmonitored, unmanaged and unprotected devices is a major concern for EdTechs and Institutions. Students were found to be indulged more in tampering educational app settings, playing games, using social media apps, online stores which are potential distractions from the intended learning.

Such scenarios result in problems due to misuse of these devices. Efficient use of educational apps, must ensure and avoid the download of malware and illegal or inappropriate content on their devices. Such misuse of technology is a concern and EdTechs and institutes alike must address the issue

This is where the actual potential of mobility can be harnessed.

An obvious solution to avoid distractions and ensure focused learning is by restricting students to only prescribed learning applications and content. This can be done with advanced mobility solutions. It helps the learners to remain focused by:

Blacklisting irrelevant websites and apps

Blacklisting includes prohibiting students from all unwanted applications and URLs such as games, social networking sites and more. This feature prevents misuse of study time for non-productive purposes. It restricts the students to tamper with the device settings and secures the preconfigured settings required to run the educational apps smoothly.

Network and Geo-Fencing

Through network fencing, schools can apply policies to the student’s devices when they enter the school’s Wi-Fi network. The policies could comprise of allowing whitelisted apps to open in the device. Geo-fencing features allow schools and institutions to monitor the student device and prevent unnecessary use of data and alert the admin when a device crosses the school boundary without authorization.

Remote Access to the device

This mobility feature allows the EdTech client or Institute to remotely control and access student’s device to update additional device information, file sharing, message broadcasting or troubleshooting for any error.

Mobility solutions incorporate robust features to make the student’s handheld safer for academic learning and help the schools and institutions to get the most out of their pedagogy.

If you are an EdTech, an institute, a parent or an educator, it’s not only important to have a robust educational app that caters to an innovative learning experience but to create a platform that meant for dedicated and prescribed learning, this is where you unveil the real success in the learning industry.

At Tarams, we leverage our big data with deep analytics capabilities to develop interactive educational mobility solutions. With proficiency in developing custom educational mobile app solutions, we deliver cutting-edge learning experience to the student that creates a brand identity in your target market.

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Augmented Reality in Education – The next BIG thing?

Hollywood pioneered the use of Augmented Reality (AR) way before it gained popularity in the Digital front. From Sci-Fi fantasies to Dinosaurs, everything was given a fresh breath of life thanks to the advancements in AR. Over time the gaming industry sniffed an opportunity and their advent into AR, gained tremendous interest across most Tech Industries. Companies clamoured over one another and App developers went into a frenzy designing and developing AR aspects towards delivering a whole new user-experience level.

Mobility is a classic example where AR is trying hard to augment our lives for the better

Undoubtedly Augmented Reality is the next wave in the digital world and it has been gaining momentum over the last two decades. Its emergence has been inspiring and every industry today is busy exploring their advantages in AR. The effect of AR in our lives will only increase and every industry will incorporate it within their environs to touch new heights of success.

AR in Education

The Marketing and Entertainment industries were the forebearer to drive the revolution in bringing AR to our homes. Having said that, the Education Industry will surely follow suit to harvest the plethora of advantages AR has to offer. The global landscape of the Education Industry Sector is braced for the inevitable change that is waiting to happen owing to AR’s surging popularity. According to statistics, AR adoption curve for education is on the rise and expected to touch $8 Billion in market size by 2021.

AR as a technology is constantly disrupting the learning methodologies and has made it more engaging and transformational. Today, 71% of the U.S. population in the age group of 16 – 24 years use smartphones and most (if not all) of them are using them to connect on social media, gaming, shopping and other virtual activities. That is a huge population segment waiting to be converted to a customer base.

The overwhelming growth potential of AR in education is quite evident. Digital and Lively information about any topic makes complex information easier to understand. This in turn decreases your learning curve and improves your productivity.

Let us explore how AR can empower educators and learners.

Showcasing the Impossible: realizing the “Aha” moment

Imagine a live volcano or the surface of the moon or even a frazzled Tyrannosaurus Rex right in front of you, in YOUR CLASSROOM! This incredible experience is possible today with the advent of AR

The greatest aspect of this technology is that you can give today’s students an “aha” moment that earlier was not possible by mere explanations and talking. There are plenty of examples of AR content that fulfil this criterion. Have a look at the AR apps in the following video to understand how learning has been made more interactive.

Expeditions AR - Bringing the world into the classroom

Taking a step back: Why AR?

We’ve established that AR is hot right now and it is being touted for tremendous growth and utilization across industries. However, taking a step back; is it necessary? Is it really helping people, in this case; students? Why can a student not understand and experience the topics through regular technology in their current mobility device? After all, our current mobility devices like smart mobile phones and tablets are highly capable and efficient in scaling models, basic 360° rotations and manipulations.

The answer is Perspective and Interaction.

A situation or topic or object can be viewed in multiple perspectives and having the power to physically view ALL the sides is a great advantage. Humans are interactive creatures and it has always been a proven method of learning, be it toddlers or adults.

Well-designed augmented reality models will empower the learners to view models, similar to their natural settings. Enhanced perspective with closer sensitization results in a better learning curve. This allows students to have an interactive and practical based learning with AR models they can examine the models with more precision and accuracy.

Augmented Reality Education Solar System on CARpet

Boost Engagement Levels

Students have different learning curves. Some learn or understand a topic far quicker than the others and some are more relaxed in their approach to grasp the essence of a topic.

Interactive and Active Engagement is the need of the hour to boost the learning curves and AR has come a long way in achieving that. Augmented reality is rapidly penetrating student’s lives and the convergence of AR with the learning landscape scenarios results in learners engaging with content that is highly relevant to their pedagogy and in line with how they use the digital media content.

For Example: AR developers have made learning chemistry more interactive and fun with a holographic periodic table.

AR is unique, where students can perceive tests and exercises as part of the story and they can learn and understand better. It allows students to learn visually which is immensely interactive and emotionally engaging.

AR developers talk about creating “lively” content in AR and it is possible to bring “learning” to life, empowering students to engage with virtual content which has a great deal of freedom from mere text, images or video content.

Recently, a start-up is developing an advanced learning platform that allows you to visualize the human body holographic & 3D format as shown below.

Stimulate the Senses

Well-planned AR platforms will not be static with just a 3d model, but rather enriched with touch controls and 3D sound effects which has a multi-sensory impact on the learning of a student. Institutes can bring animals into the classroom which are lifelike and make real sounds. Moreover, the narrative and touchscreen controls can easily control the screen information overlays.

Curiscope Virtuali-Tee: Bring Learning to Life with this Augmented Reality T-Shirt

Cost Effectiveness

Physical 3D Models and Shapes, being currently used in many Schools and Institutions come with a heavy price tag. They are bulky and also involve logistics expenses. Moreover they also come with high maintenance criterion.

In this context AR can be a lifesaver! It helps you deploy 3D shapes using the AR platform. We are not promoting the replacement of the legacy physical models but an upgradation with the inclusion of AR models with meagre investment can open new doors for great pedagogies.

Furthermore, in subjects like history, it becomes near impossible to bring real models to class. This is where AR can help in letting your students have strong sensitization to the real world lifelike models and monuments.

Final Verdict

It is not a fallacy that learners who are more motivated and engaged always grasp a subject faster and learn better.Their focus on the learning process is improved as educators grab the attention of their students and keeps them engaged and glued to the learning content using AR.

AR in education possess a huge upside for all learners and educators. Furthermore, students get platforms to visualize complex concepts of various topics and opportunities to gain practical skills by interacting and manipulating content.

If you are an EdTech or an educational institute, then it’s high time you jump on the bandwagon to embrace AR and create transformational content that not only caters to a differentiated learning experience but can radically improve your learner retention and and help you get the most out of your learning and development investments.

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Evolution In Machines – What Next?


Humankind as we know and experience today, has evolved over millennia from our primitive biological ancestors to our current biological selves. This evolution has gone through many stages and phases that has lead to our dominance and success on this planet.

The evolution and advancement of Cognition and Language played a significant role in establishing Humans as the dominant species while having a profound effect on the Humankind’s Evolutionary Journey.

Cognition or the ability to learn and gain knowledge through a ‘thought process’ helped humans thrive better and more efficiently than other species. This resulted in the early discovery, invention, and development of societies, tools, agriculture and other advancements. This cognitive ability enabled us to develop and communicate with a common language that irreversibly gave us a boost towards becoming the dominant species on earth.

Language, or a systematic approach to clearly communicate within a species – has shaped to what we use now, over thousands of years. Different communities and societies developed and shaped different languages that we have come to know today. Despite the differences, it is evident that ‘language’ was crucial to the development of humans as a social.

A combination of language and cognition enabled early humans to rally forces, build societies, understand obstacles, explore their surroundings while analyzing them, etc., The ability to instruct and impart played a crucial role in the development of civilizations and societies. This development can be broken down into three steps

  • The ability to express one’s thoughts and ideas
  • The ability to understand the expressed thoughts and ideas
  • The ability to function, based on the said thoughts and ideas

These enabled early humans to gather masses and work efficiently and productively. Tasks that were near impossible to be done by a small group or a single human could now be handled well; thanks to the amassment of more humans. Many modes of communications were used to achieve the desired results – primitive signs, early languages, non-verbal pictorial representations (early writing systems), etc., However, amongst these modes, the one that stood the test of time to emerge the forerunner was ‘language’ in the form of Speech. This clearly has been at the helm of our evolution and steered us to our current position on earth.

This evolution has also interfered with and altered the evolutionary paths of all the elements that surround us or make up our planet; flora, fauna, rivers, mountains, language, writing, science, human inventions, etc. Human inventions and discoveries, especially have evolved with a similar pace as that of our; tools, agriculture, cooking, trade, engines, automobiles, computers, space travel and everything in between these and around these. At every stage of this human evolution and endeavour there has been one stand out invention or discovery that propelled us into the future; faster and further; Stone tools to iron tools in the early stages, agriculture and cooking when we started societies, weapons, and trade when we started building civilizations, engines, and mechanics for our industrial revolutions, electronics and computer science for our modern age. etc.

Amongst the discoveries and inventions, ‘Electronics and Computer Science’ have had a far-reaching effect on our population and have impacted our day to day life drastically. Over the years they have become very personal to us and they have proliferated our lives and environments drastically. From television sets, radios and telephones to personal computers, mobile phones, and satellites, we are surrounded by electronics and computer science every day. They have about them a uniqueness; we communicate with them and to them in ways that were not done before with other inventions.

Today we see ‘machine learning’ and ‘artificial intelligence’ enabling us to add cognition and push them towards a cognitive revolution. We are enabling machines to learn from experiences and make judgments on their own; making them more independent and more useful to us. We already have machines that can suggest the movies we like, drive cars, detect cancer early, etc, and this is possible due to the idea of cognition that we have built into those systems using machine learning and artificial intelligence.

We have made these modern machines different from other earlier machines because of their ability “think” and the way in which we are able to “communicate” with them. We do not use levers or knobs, reminiscent of early machinery; instead, we type out messages or instructions in a language familiar to us. This mode of communication has evolved over time; from punching to typing to clicking to voice.

Machines understanding human language through our speech is the next big step in the evolution of electronics and computer science. The combination of cognition and voice recognition in devices have ensured that we can communicate; not just instruct, and in a language that we use and understand best.

Most early machinery and devices were designed and developed to ease the user in its usage. Until recently, using advanced personal devices required us to be in physical contact with the device, know basic operations and understand its basic layout and structure. This made devices unreachable or unrelatable to many. The combination of cognition and voice recognition will now enable us to use devices with just our voice, making it accessible to many, thus breaking down the barrier many might have faced earlier

The applications of such devices are immense. We believe, like the events that helped humans as a species, leapfrog in its evolution; cognition and voice recognition in machines will change the way we interact with devices and how they will have a lasting impact on our lives.

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TypeScript and React – A perfect Match

Today, while we extensively use social media like facebook, twitter or others; our screen, page, feed, etc., is constantly being updated with the latest news, shares, articles, or other latest updates. This is an essential element contributing towards the success of any social media platform. If one were to stop and think about this; it seems very simple and rudimentary, but they are in fact highly expensive in terms of performance. These continuous live update of the front end are technically called DOM operations and they are crucial for the smooth performance of a page.


A Javascript library for building UIs comes as a welcome relief to overcome this issue and it is currently one of the popular libraries in JavaScript. React makes it painless to create interactive UIs. The component logic is written in JavaScript instead of templates, so we can easily pass rich data through the application and keep the application state out of the DOM. The declarative style of React component makes it easy to debug.

However, all the React components are written in JavaScript and they are coupled with the problems associated with javascript.

To tackle this tricky problem a combination of React and TypeScript can be used as it is efficient and it can improve the maintainability of React projects considerably.


Every programmer who has ever written code knows the challenges and inadvertent delays caused while compiling or while run the code. It could be missing integer, a misplaced letter or simple improper use of casing. These tiny, but critical errors on the programmers part, can lead to frustrating time delays which in turn could seriously affect the outcome of your solution. Especially when it comes to JavaScript, the time taken to identify and solve a problem is larger because of its ‘dynamic typing’ nature.

TypeScript lets you write JavaScript the way you imagine and process command or task. It is a typed superset of JavaScript that compiles to plain JavaScript. It is also pure object-oriented with classes, interfaces and it is statically typed like C# or Java.

Another popular JavaScript framework Angular 2.0 is written in TypeScript. It helps javascript programmers to write object-oriented programs and have them compiled to JavaScript, both on the server side and client side.

Salient features like type definitions – make it easier to refactor the variable names, which is a hard task in JavaScript, while Intellisense (Autocomplete and type error detection) – supports TypeScript and is an effective time-saver during compilation.

For example, TypeScript avoids unintentional errors like typos. Javascript will accept any attribute name to that object but TypeScript allows only the available attributes of the type.

In the below code, there is a typo. The programmer has typed inrecieve instead ofreceive

Advantages of TypeScript:

Typescript will provide compile-time errors for most common problems in a React project, such as:

  • All required properties for a React component is not supplied from parent
  • Property supplied as a different type from the parent component
  • The extra property which is supplied to React component from the parent (This will avoid proptypes library which is commonly used in react projects)

If we are using Visual Studio code (VS code) for the react-typescript combination, even the above-mentioned problems will be shown as inline errors which further reduces the time taken to figure out the mistakes.

See the screenshot from VS code:


  • Autocomplete features for typescript is well advanced than JavaScript.
  • State of a react component is defined as a TypeScript interface. This will avoid problems due to null values in states of react component. Typescript will throw an error at compile time if we did not give the default state values at initialization.

Drawbacks on TypeScript:

Even though there are many advantages, TypeScript also has some drawbacks when we start using it in on a large scale. Without the type declarations for the exported attributes and methods for a third party library, we do not get to fully utilize the benefit of TypeScript. So if there is a library which does not have any type definitions, we need to write it our own or look for alternative libraries which provides type definitions. From our experience in web projects, most of the type definitions are available as node modules, thanks to the contributors of open source community. If the project is a React- Native project, things get complicated further due to the availability of type definitions.

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How Can Oracle’s 2019 Java SE Licensing Affect You?

In 2018, Oracle, a leading American multinational computer technology corporation, released a new pricing model for the Standard Edition of Java SE commercial. The company announced that in January 2019, the users of Java Open Source shouldbuy a license for them to receive updates. The news triggered many businesses to take a closer look at their Java Open Source usage and attempt to plot action plans for the Java development kit migration in 2019.

In this article, we’ll analyze every single little detail about Java SE licensing update and consider all the necessary factors to consider as the changes are implemented, including the parties that will be affected by the changes, the actions commercial Java SE users can do to stay compliant to the critical updates, and all the changes in general.

What Are the Changes to the Commercial Java SE Model?

Users have previously known three Java SE products, namely the Java SE Advanced Desktop, the Java SE Advanced, and the Java SE Suite. Before the changes, these three models required users to avail of upfront licenses and annual support. Just this January, those models were replaced by two new models, namely Java SE Desktop Subscription and Java SE Subscription, and they are subscription based.

The important changes include:

  • New Java SE Subscription Pricing
  • New Java SE Subscription Licensing Structure
  • Changes to Public Updates

Which Parties Will Be Affected by the Changes?

Not only the legacy Oracle customers but also all the commercial Java Open Source Code users are expected to be greatly impacted by this change. The good thing about this change though is that customers who use the old Java Open Source Code models will not be forced to shift to the subscription model. Although the two models are the only Java Open Source Code options available for new customers in 2019 and perhaps in the coming years, old customers do not necessarily have to switch to them. However, there may be a number of different reasons to consider a switch. Considering this, it’s important for commercial Java SE users to be aware of the difference of the licensing and pricing.

If you’re using Java SE for non-commercial use under a restrictive scenario, you may have the right to use the Java Open Source Code without paying any fee. However, activating Java’s ‘commercial features’ requires a license. For this reason, it’s advisable to check that you are not using commercial features and that you are abiding by Oracle’s Java licensing policies.

What are the Details of the New Java SE Licensing Structure?

With the new model, you no longer have to purchase a license upfront and pay an annual fee for Java Migration. You will, instead, pay a monthly subscription under terms of one to three years for desktop or server licensing and support. Failure to renew the subscription after the given time period will result in the user losing rights to any commercial software downloaded throughout the subscription period and access to the updates of Java Migration SE and to the Oracle Support.

How Are Java SE Licensing Requirements Calculated?

In the new Java SE subscription models, customers get to choose between desktop and server deployments. Desktop deployments use a Named User Plus metric while server deployments use a processor-based metric to calculate the Java Migration SE license requirements.

The metrics above have the same definition as the standard Oracle technology products. However, NUP minimums still don’t exist. A number of desktop computers and laptops will most likely count NUP licenses in organizations.

What Java Licensing Looks Like?

To answer this question, the guardian should have the right data on the JDK environment. Here are some of the important questions to ask about Java licensing.

  • Where was Java used?
  • Where was Java installed?
  • Which version of Java do you have in your environment?
  • What are the applications that are integrated with Java?
  • How many users are there?

The End of Oracle’s Java Public Updates

According to Oracle’s Java Updates Roadmap, the public availability of the updates will be open again in January 2019, and it did open last month. This means that Java SE 8 commercial users will not receive any critical update after last month, and this can put business operations at risk. In this situation, businesses can either purchase Java subscription licenses or completely move Java SE onto an alternative platform like Oracle OpenJDK or vice versa. The Oracle JDK to open source JDK migration involves using OpenJDK environment and making the open source migrationsuccessful.

Action Items

If you’re an existing Java SE user, it’s important for you to conduct internal assessments of your current Java development to not only ensure your compliance of the license but also determine if shifting to the new subscription model is more cost-effective.

If you want your requirements for commercial use to grow, you need to consider shifting to the subscription model. Should you switch, you are free to use the CPU or NUP based subscription. This is to determine which among the desktop or server-based subscriptions is better for your environment. Your choice depends on your licensing requirements.

If you feel like you need assurance for being a commercial user, it’s advisable for you to conduct an internal assessment. This is because of the organizations that run Java SE’s free version.

To secure your safety, let your legal team confirm that the Java licensing policies of Oracle allow your team to use Java SE without purchasing the commercial licenses.

Tips for Java Migration

Not all Java users know the ins and outs of Java migration, but experts know the right processes involved in Oracle JDK to open source JDK migration to make the open source migration smooth and successful with the open source Java development kit.

Before OpenJDK Migration:

Before the OpenJDK migration, it’s advisable to develop a continuous integration JDK environment to build a JDK source code online and run open source migration and unit tests against an open JDK environment.

It’s also ideal to prepare a list of dependencies with the use of build tools like Java development kit migration and then perform inventory analysis.

During OpenJDK Migration:

Conduct a performance test on your app that runs an open source migration. Make sure the performance test scripts have been appropriately updated when pushing the JDK source code online.

Also, thoroughly test any Oracle JDK to open source JDK migration and beware of the quirks with the algorithm of the memory management between the Java Development Kit Migration

After OpenJDK Migration:

Double check the Oracle JDK to open source JDK migration and the JDK environment if every aspect of the Java development kit migration has been successful.

The Java development kit migration is not an easy task – not even for the experts. Nevertheless, it’s a doable task that can be successfully performed with the right open source Java development kit.

We here at Tarams Software Technologies help companies migrate from Oracle JDK to OpenJDK. We understand the need of the hour and our in-house experts are always ready to answer your queries and assist you in achieving your business goals.

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There is a lot of buzz around users switching to OpenJDK from OracleJDK. Some are keen on it and some find it laborious and unnecessary. We too have debated on this in our previous blogs (Blog1, Blog2).

But, in the process of going with the flow, a lot of developers and engineers alike are sometimes grappling in the dark when it comes to the basic need or necessity for this migration.

In an endeavor to enlighten all of us, here are some of the basic facts and comparisons between OpenJDK and Oracle JDK


OracleJDK: It was licensed under GPL (General Public License) License

OpenJDK: It was licensed under GNU GPL (General Public License) License


OracleJDK: Developed by Sun Microsystems Inc.

OpenJDK: Developed by Oracle, OpenJDK & Java Community


OracleJDK: Provides performance as per OracleJDK’s development and implementation

OpenJDK: Provides high performance which was developed by some vendors on top of Oracle JDK


OracleJDK: As per Oracle’s implementation

OpenJDK: Can be improved using other libraries or on top of Oracle JDK


OracleJDK: Oracle’s Official implementation license

OpenJDK: Open Source and free implementation available for free use


OracleJDK: Normal as per OracleJDK implementation

OpenJDK: Third party vendors will be improving the speed of JVM by making some tweaks

Operating System

OracleJDK: Supports Microsoft Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS

OpenJDK: Supports FreeBSD, Linux, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X

Ease of Use

OracleJDK: Can be used with any application development

OpenJDK: Can be used with any application development and other open source tools to improve the performance in the open source implementation model.

Having read and understood the above, we can say that all the operations and tasks that are currently being performed by OracleJDK can also be performed by OpenJDK. The stark difference lies in the licensing and other tools integration and implementation on top of the existing OracleJDK by Open JDK. There are many advantages of using OpenJDK in performance, scalability, and implementation. It can also be modified as per the requirement of the application.

The biggest advantage also is in the Secure Environment in which the OpenJDK community will continue to be updated for critical bugs and security fixes. This will be a boost towards and secure and trustworthy development environment.

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The Java Version story and what’s in store next?

There are a lot of users who use previous versions of Java such as 6 or 7, it’s highly recommended that Java 8 becomes the standard when it comes to using the language. Here are a few benefits of Java migration to the trusted Java 8. Before that, here’s a look at the Java Version story so far.

Auto Delete for Previous JavaVersions

One of the best things about Java migration to the newest version would be the fact that it can automatically delete all the previous versions of Java. So, let’s say that you have Java7 as your previous version installed on your computer. Once you install Java 8, Java 7 will automatically be deleted, completing your Java migration in just a few steps.

Open Source Migration

It’s pretty interesting to take note of the open source migration of Java 7 to Java 8. What exactly does this mean? Java 7 and previous versions used to be run by Oracle. Since Java 8, the platform underwent an Oracle JDK to OpenJDK migration. This means easier coding and less hassle. Open source coding allows you more freedom to move around. That said, Oracle JDK to OpenJDK migration is highly recommended.

New Collection Methods

By going for an Oracle JDK to OpenJDK migration, you’ll have new collection methods to existing classes. This allows you to combine JDK environment variables with more expressions using a simpler code. That way, you won’t have to manually input too many JDK environment variables or other classes manually to get the result that you want. It’s actually a way to shorten your coding and make everything more efficient.

Fewer Codes to Use

Not only will you need fewer expressions because of the integrated JDK environment variables in the new collection methods, but you’ll also use fewer codes as a whole. The whole focus of the new Java migration to Java8 is more on the API so that you won’t focus a lot on how you’re going to produce the app you want but how you would want to design it.

Added Lambda Expressions

The Lambda expressions are new to the open source Java development kit. Just like the new collection methods, the lambda expressions simplify the Java open source code in such a way that makes the programming process much more efficient as well as effective. With the changes made for Java7, the lambda expressions in Java8 came out. It’s a great addition to your open source Java development kit and a great feature you can use for your Java open source code programming activities.

Easier Handling of Date and Time

The new API in the Java open source code perfectly handles the date and time better than the last version. With this version, you’ll be able to understand the date and time much easier without having to backtrack your references. It’s a cleaner way of handling such data, especially if you’re a programmer who is developing a full Java-based app with an open source Java development kit.

Integrated Lightweight Java Script Engine

This new version allows Java open source platforms to access a new type of JAVAscript engine that is more lightweight than the previous versions. Being lightweight, this new engine, known as the Nashhorn JAVAscript engine, has a higher performance rate, enabling you to have more functions for your Java open source codes when you make your apps. source coding has never been so much easier with this strong engine.

Added Streams API

If you had a hard time with manipulating data using the previous Java versions, this new update will make it much easier. The streams API allows you to have enhanced control over your Java open source data, especially big data. An example would be for long lists of objects. If you would like to get a separate list of the unique objects out of the total objects in chronological order, the streams API can arrange the data for you easily. That way, you don’t need to do any tedious coding or manual arranging when you’re handling a lot of data at the same time.

Less Null Values

One of the best things about Java8 is that it has a function in its source code to help tell the programmer what to do with the null values. Let’s say one of your functions ran into a null option, you’ll have more flexibility on what you’re going to do with it. That feature makes handling nulls so much easier as compared to using the previous versions.

Higher Security

With the open source migration to Java 8, there has been a vast improvement in overall security. As compared to previous versions, you can expect more reliable methods in which security methods can be implemented. With that, you won’t need to worry about safety problems when it comes to programming your app. Security should always be one of the key factors when choosing programming tools.


Ever since the open source migration of Java7 to Java 8, there have been so many improvements that have been made — many of them are geared towards helping web development teams with their Java programming activities. That said, the new Java version is definitely recommended for all users since it has so many new features to brag about. Also, Java 8 is no longer run by Oracle, so the creators of Java have been pushing for users of the previous versions to start migrating as soon as they can to enjoy the latest features. After all, they have nothing to lose, and everything to gain.

Of course, the new Java platform isn’t only targeted toward enterprises. It’s also really good for existing programmers and newbies. It can help with overall productivity letting you make the most of your time. It further helps you save a lot of time and energy with regard to coding so that you can get the best results for your Java-based project.

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The Role of Immersive technologies & Artificial Intelligence in Education

The Untold Secret To Mastering The Future of AI Education: current barriers, resolutions & the future!

The role Artificial Intelligence in education landscape and Immersive technologies in learning space have propelled impactful transformations across all industries such as finance, healthcare, chatbots, art, manufacturing, IT, innovation and many more. Likely, its penetration, especially in education realm, has grown by leaps & bounds.

With a skyrocketing success in achieving remarkable literacy rate on the planet, the education space is facing new barriers and challenges when it comes to raising the bars higher and taking the current education to a whole new level.

Now that, the AI in the education industry is well equipped and advanced with digital technology, still, we believe the way we teach, however, has to CHANGE.

No matter if it’s a physical classroom or an e-learning session; the contemporary learning methodology is still archaic. We arbitrarily group learners based on their age or preference and make them listen to a trainer and sit back and expect that the involved parties are competent enough to keep the learners engaged through a static educational curriculum.

Indeed, the current methodology works, but up to an extent. For a fact, the trainers or tutors are overloaded with work such as building curriculum, imparting, planning assignment, grading, etc. Thus, it’s next to impossible for them to give hundreds of students personalized attention.

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While a tutor is busy with all this, students remain under consistent pressure to secure grades in a stipulated time frame.

Despite being equipped with digital technologies, the education system is crippled when it comes to catering individualized learning & self-development.

Today, students don’t know why they are learning the lessons that they are learning, it makes matters worse and a big question in the face of the student’s personal ambition. However, AI in education plays a game-changing role in making the system more effective but still numerous Edtechs are unaware of the role of artificial intelligence in education.

So what’s the solution here? What could make the learning more exciting, fun & productive?

Let us rundown on three key pillars- Individualized Learning, Experimental Learning & Mastery Learning that can make the learning ecosystem more powerful, however, the theories are not new by any means but still education providers are struggling to incorporate the same.

Individualized Learning: the need of the hour!

It’s a way to offer instructions based on interest, aspirations, weaknesses, and background of individual learners. It caters to an intuitive learning where the learning experience best fits into an individual and helps you get the most out of each session.

The True Potential of Individualized Learning is still unfulfilled- Here’s why?

So, as numerous theories substantiate to the fact that Individualized Learning is the need of the hour. In fact, the true potential of Individualized Learning is still unfulfilled.Even if you hire dozens of specialized instructors to pay individual attention, the challenge still extends i.e. how to collect and process personal student data in large scales to create actionable insights.

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Individualized Learning is all about non-linear curriculum and embracing student differences, this is where contemporary digital learning solutions and methodologies are losing value with each passing day.

Kudos to advanced technologies that helps providers to bridge the chasm when it comes to Individualized Learning, but before we dive deep into that, let’s explore the second pillar i.e. Mastery Learning.

Mastery Learning: key to Intuitive Learning & self-development!

Mastery Learning is a way to offer instructions that determines a level of performances that all learners must master before moving to the next module or unit. It is impactful when learning maths, where past lessons are necessary to understand the next lessons. A learner will only be allowed to move to the next lesson when they have mastered in all the fundamentals that precede it.

In today’s education platforms, if you secure 70% of a subject, you are entitled to move further- that’s general knowledge, not mastery. The grading mechanism fails to provide the exact performance feedback of a student and provider.

Thus, the learning needs remain unattended by the system they are leveraging.

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Why providers fear to deploy mastery learning?

Learners are pressured to rush through the semesters without understanding them and eventually, all those subjects become so unintelligible over the years that create broad knowledge gaps that lead to loss of intuition.

Mastery learning can invade all such issues with its in-depth individualized and personal approach. Here, a student won’t be allowed unless and until they don’t display mastery in a specific subject.

Though it’s a strong theory but still, providers are resilient to implement the concept. Due to hefty financial resources involved providers fear to deploy it realistically at large scale.

However, we will see that how AI will play a crucial role in thrashing such challenges but until then let’s understand the third pillar i.e. experimental learning.

Experimental Learning

“Learning by doing”is a primitive formula to grasp things really fast. Experimental learning helps you to understand from experience. It engages most of your senses, improves critical thinking, creates a context for memorizing and builds social-emotional skills.

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It creates curiosity to understand things more deeply; students consider making mistakes as a part of learning process.

Today’s education providers certainly try to implement it and adopt the model of homework to ensure that students do it by themselves.

But surveys reveal that homework is uninspiring and does not involve the senses rather makes the student more isolated.

Experimental learning: it’s a myth, here’s why?

These days, providers very well understand that revamping the legacy course will be a big design challenge when it comes to teaching subjects like maths, history or biology in whole new way. Since ages, we have been acquainted with books & blackboards, so do we go ahead in engaging all senses, keeping the learning social and active, attaining the learning goals and keeping the cost low?

It’s a big question, but read on as you will get to see the resolutions that AI has to offer before we conclude.

Now that we have identified the problems and our ultimate learning goals, let’s have a sneak peek on top 3 futuristic technologies can not only address the above challenges but can actually facelift the entire educational landscape.

Immersive technology: doors to the new world of education!

Immersive technology in education is the new way of innovation in the learning methodologies.

Technologies such as virtual reality empower a student to interact with the digital world and conceive realization of dwelling within a virtual world.

With Oculus Rift getting hype, providers have now started believing that it’s no more about just gaming. Rather, it’s a new world where you can explore new ways to interact and display information in the real world as if it’s actually there.

Microsoft HoloLens is another great example that interprets your environment — it identifies where your furniture is, your walls, and everything else, and uses that information to blend the physical and digital world into the reality perception.

Education providers can create real-world experiences at relatively low cost- be it a monument, experience the surface of the moon or the wreck of the Titanic. For education, this could be everything- a new beginning.

VR in education has taken its best foot forward in redefining education. It will take you through the human body in person not forcing you to learn from illustrations.

Recently, a start-up is developing an advanced learning platform that allows you to visualize human body holographic & 3D format.

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It’s a new way where students can apprehend concepts as characters, tests and exercises can be embedded as part of the story as hurdle and students will set free to explore and immerse themselves in the topics that are learning.This is where VR and artificial intelligence in the education industry is getting prominance with each passing day.

Hence, we can achieve our core education goals, immersive learning platforms allow you to learn socially & visually that is emotionally engaging and interactive that remains in your brain as long-lasting memory.

Learning analytics in education: blend BI with sentiments!

Today, headsets have become one of the primary tools to learn in an immersive environment and the good news is that headsets can be tracked. It helps you to understand what a learner is viewing at, for how long, what are they choosing to view and even ignore.

Image source; InstaVR

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Analytics platform displaying which areas users look at the most throughout a VR experience

Pupil tracking: the revolution in learning analytics!

You all might know that pupils expand on subconscious attraction but for a fact, it’s much more to that. The pupil expansion is also sensitive to emotional engagement and mental stress.

As per a survey, it was found that pupils expand proportionately with the difficulty ascending in a task. The variation in pupil can determine the level of difficulty in perception.

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Such a phenomenon can help education providers to gain a deep understanding of a learner’s psychology. It empowers them to create absolutely accurate student profiles to develop the right course that accurately resonates to a learner’s challenge.

It helps you to understand the relationship of a student with a respective course up to subconscious degree. Moreover, it can render exams and modules that best-fit to the ability of perception of a student.

Pupil analytics can be a revolution in digital learning platform that truly understands you as a student. It’s an immersive technology that blends with AI in education to automate mastery and individualized learning.

So how far, AI can take education? Will AI be your future teacher?

AI teachers: your future educator!

Let’s take our imagination further and see how the education world will look like with convergence with other advanced technologies.

With the smartphones being ubiquitous in the market, tools such as Amazon Echo, Google Siri, Assistant have become an integral part in daily lives. These tools help humans to have found intuitive ways to get things done. Here’s where we see voice recognition and text-to-speech technologies gaining ground with each passing day.

AI in education coincides with these immersive technologies will give physical appearance to AI assistants, chatbots etc. The technology will give these virtual assistants a body and an expressive face.

Image source:

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The day is not far when AI assistants will understand us deeply more then we understand ourselves. Going back, to our previous discussion about analytics, and capacity grasp student’s intellectual and emotions with the conjunction with AI, it’s apparent that AI teachers are the next potential recruits in the education industry.

You can spend hours with your AI teacher to gain mastery & experimental learning by great building projects together.

The burning news of Humanoid Robot Sophia gaining Saudi Arabia citizenship substantiates to the fact we are on the verge of a new world of education, where the concept of AI teacher will be no more a myth but a living fact. It’s quite apparent that role of artificial intelligence in education will take leaps and bounds and will create new wave of learning via AI in education industry.

UN deputy secretary general Amina having a dialogue with Sophia asking about her experience in gaining Saudi Arabia citizenship

Readers, the above innovations are just the tip of the iceberg, when it comes to the convergence of contemporary immersive technologies and AI in education space, possibilities are simply limitless.

Education is an endless ocean, and as an education provider or a learner, it depends on how you want to explore it to get the most out of your learning and development investment.

If you are a learner, then simply pull your socks up, as the next generation education platforms will have everything that will redefine your learning experience. Thus, it’s time to only learn what you want that too at its best.

However, with such advancements, Edtech will get numerous opportunities to educate learners in more interactive and productive ways. The future education market is going to be big and competitive.

Hence, if you are an Edtech and yet to make your roadmap to converge with the upcoming technology, it’s never too late, get started now before your competitor does it.

If the article resonates with your findings and learning roadmap and you are an educator, publisher, technologist or corporate interested to explore these challenges and resolutions, please contact Tarams, let’s do it together.

At Tarams, we help you design state-of-the-art digital learning platforms that accurately measure and collaborate learning programs giving you an extraordinary, intuitive and immersive experience.

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How Learning Analytics & xAPI integration can Help You Amplify Your L&D ROI

Video as a form of content has always displayed great caliber to scale and support education programmes. Conventional video technology caters to a wide array of learning needs but limited to point solutions only. It gives us the ability to record, edit, manage and share videos that too comes at a hefty cost.

However, with the inception of BI, it became smooth sailing to derive learning analytics and track performance of a video content utilized for the purpose of training and education. Benefits of learning analytics cater to education industry in creating customized videos and recording KPIs such as Subscribe, Like, Views, Share, etc. and enables to view the content using an integrated suite of tools.

Video optimization and inbuilt learning analytics have been helping several enterprises to plan strong foray for video-based learning and to get the most out of their existing videos.

Let us have a quick sneak peek at top trends & capabilities you would like to have on your video platform to amplify your L&D ROI.

Finding relevant content segment with in your video

Low-Code vs. No-Code: The Tech Behind It

A Low-Code platform is a boon for developers seeking efficiency in the app development lifecycle. With its visual interface and automated processes, it minimizes the grunt work of manual coding, letting developers focus on the higher-level aspects.

On the flip side, a No-Code platform is a game-changer for those without coding skills. Its drag-and-drop simplicity and ready-made templates empower users to craft their apps without wrestling with code complexities.

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That means the video platform must allow indexing the words spoken in the video or displaying on-screen on the video along with the traditional Meta description.

Hence, the capacity to index and optimize tags with every minute segment of the video timeline will be the game changer. That means, when a learner wants to view a specific topic or portion in a specific lesson under a large video module, the system will be capable to make the user to land on to that desired segment.

Viewing Analytics: Learning Analytics to track video performance at granular level

Now that the learning videos are segmented, ingested with relevant Meta data and optimized for specific search results, it’s time for the viewing analytics to run the show.

Viewing analytics gathers and analyses viewing patterns from each indexed and optimized segment of a video and converts them into actionable insights that help the L&D organizations to forecast future learning needs and optimize current content.

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The success of any training video can be recorded by monitoring when, how and how viewers interact with your video content. A video platform with advance viewing analytics helps the administrators to track the granular level performance of video in real-time and help them to create videos that actually resonates to goals and challenges of their learners.

When a user logs in to view a video, the viewing analytics gives you insights into what video they watched, what were the most viewed video segments, and how many have completely watched your video. It helps you to decrease churn and abandon rates and revise training content to ensure on-going success.

Integration of Experience API with viewing Analytics

The blend of Experience API (xAPI in education) and analytics prove to be the actual crux of success for any L&D organization. xAPI lms in education industry has been developed to capture and transmit metadata about events related to the segments. Companies are now using xAPI data to get information about any type of user interaction like time spent on the content, the time taken to complete the course, what content the learner started but did not complete, what piece of content they interacted the most. Such data integrate with viewing analytics to give you easy to read reports that give you a clear picture of the performance of the learning solution and its impact on the learner.

The xAPI model in education industry will empower the administrator or the trainer to drill down to identify successful learning behaviours of high performing learners and group similar patterns. These set of patterns may include multiple behaviours and activities that are more likely to result in overall learning success when practiced in a specific sequence and combination. And the same can be replicated and prescribed to underperforming learners and can be used to develop personalized learning models as well.

Thus, you see how learning analytics has evolved to reshape your L&D roadmaps. It has opened a new world of insights and data-driven decision-making capabilities. And the possibilities what you can track, optimize and measure is actually limitless.

At Tarams, we develop powerful learning analytic solutions that capture granular viewing stats and data to understand learning patterns and behaviour that cater to personalized learning models and convert into easy to read reports and dashboards. If you want to know how our analytics solution has helped fortune 500 clients, mid-sized firms & start-ups from L&D space then please connect with our digital learning solution specialist.

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